MBLEx Flashcards

Anatomy & Physiology

The Anatomy and Physiology content area of the MBLEx tests the applicant’s knowledge of body systems, organs and tissues. Massage exam candidates must have a good understanding of the basic anatomy (structure) and physiology (function) of each system, and how the systems interact with each other. MBLEx candidates should also be familiar with the process of tissue repair, relative positions of anatomical structures, and the basics of energetic anatomy. Our free MBLEx flashcards will help massage students discover what type of information is in each content area of the exam. For a more thorough review, become a member of MBLExGuide to access all of our MBLEx practice tests. Members also get full access to our complete MBLEx Prep Course which has been praised by students and previous members as the best review course available.

Circulatory System

What main artery carries blood away from the heart and toward the body?
What kind of blood vessel enables respiration (gas exchange)?
Which type of blood cell transports oxygen and carbon dioxide gasses?
red blood cells (erythrocytes)

Digestive System

What is the process of taking up substances into body, as in passing through a membrane into fluids or tissues of the body?
What is another name for the alimentary canal?
gastrointestinal tract
What system of metabolism creates energy for the body by burning fats, proteins and carbohydrates in the presence of oxygen?
aerobic metabolism

Endocrine System

Name an endocrine gland in the abdomen.
adrenal gland (also pancreas)
What hormone does the pineal gland produce?
This "master gland" controls the function of other glands including the adrenals and thyroid:
pituitary gland

Integumentary System

Which layer of the skin contains specialized structures like hair follicles, capillaries, and sebaceous glands?
What is the area of skin that is supplied with the sensory nerves from a single spinal root?
Cutaneous nerve receptors that sense stimuli like touch, pressure and vibration are called:

Lymphatic System

What is a primary function of the lymphatic system?
to drain excess fluid from body tissues (also immunity, and fat absorption)
What is the lymphoid organ located behind the sternum, where T cells mature?
What is 1 thing that causes lymph to circulate throughout the body?
body movement (also: deep breathing and massage)

Muscular System

Skeletal muscles are made up of bundles of muscle cells. What are these bundles called?
Muscle tissue is supported by sheets of fibrous connective tissue called ______ .
What are the sensory receptors located in a muscle belly that detect changes in muscle length?
muscle spindles

Nervous System

What part of the nervous system stimulates digestive functions including salivation, peristalsis and gastric acid production?
parasympathetic nervous system
A client with numbness and weakness at the right deltoid muscle may have suffered damage to which peripheral nerve?
axillary nerve
An afferent nerve in the PNS carries what kind of information?
sensory information (towards the spinal cord)

Reproduction System

During which trimester is massage and bodywork the most risky?
first trimester
What hormone is produced by the ovary and placenta, and prepares a woman for childbirth by relaxing ligaments?
What is the process of cell division in which the nucleus divides and results in two identical sets of chromosomes?

Respiratory System

That is at the end of the respiratory tree, where external respiration occurs?
What kind of metabolism (energy production) occurs in the presence of oxygen?
Name two accessory muscles of respiration that may be recruited during intense exercise.
scalene, sternocleidomastoid, pectoralis minor, abdominals, and others

Skeletal System

What is the term for the division of the skeletal system that contains the upper and lower extremities?
What is outer layer of the intervertebral discs of the spine called?
annulus fibrosus
Where is articular cartilage found in the body?
synovial joints

Special Senses System

What are the photoreceptor cells in the retina that enable color vision?
cones, or cone cells
Cranial nerve II is an afferent (sensory) nerve that carries information from the retina to the brain. It is also called _______ .
optic nerve
What is the sensory system that provides the brain with information about spatial orientation, balance, and direction of movement?
vestibular system

Urinary System

What are the tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder?
In what cup-like structure in the nephron is fluid first extracted from the blood to begin filtration?
Bowman's capsule
What are the "functional units" of the kidney called?

Tissue Injury and Repair

The initial period after an injury, also called the _________ phase.
inflammatory phase
Blood clotting (hemostasis) normally begins within minutes of an injury, and involves what component of blood to stick together?
About how long does it take a large broken bone (simple fracture) to completely heal in a healthy adult?
12 weeks

Concepts of Energetic Anatomy

Asian bodywork theory, which is based on Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), states that the _________ is the center of the body's energy.
What are the "energy highways" of the human body where Qi flows?
What is the force in Chinese cosmology associated with feminine, darkness, cold and wetness?

Muscle Flashcards

Learn muscle origins, insertions and actions with our Muscle Flashcards. Each MBLExGuide membership (Gold, Silver & Bronze) includes 115 muscle flashcards to help you ace the kinesiology section of the MBLEx.

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